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Linux RedHat无法安装软件问题(No package gcc available. Nothing to do)

[日期:2017-08-28] 来源:Linux社区  作者:Linux [字体: ]

在一个新的RedHat Linux服务器上安装nginx的时候,命令都不能解析,缺少gcc编辑器,安装gcc的命令也出错。

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install gcc
Loaded plugins: katello, product-id, security, subscription-manager
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Setting up Install Process
No package gcc available.
Nothing to do

没有gcc的软件包的,

最终找到一个解决办法

检查版本:

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/issue
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 5.7 (Tikanga)
Kernel \r on an \m

解决过程:

1.下载163安装源

[root@localhost~]# wget http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS5-Base-163.repo
--2015-10-09 14:33:10-- http://mirrors.163.com/.help/CentOS5-Base-163.repo
Resolving mirrors.163.com... 123.58.173.186,123.58.173.185
Connecting to mirrors.163.com|123.58.173.186|:80...connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 2341 (2.3K) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: `CentOS5-Base-163.repo'
 
100%2,341       --.-K/s   in 0s     
 
2015-10-09 14:33:22 (108 MB/s) -`CentOS5-Base-163.repo' saved [2341/2341]

2.修改repo文件(根据红帽版本)

 [root@localhost~]# mv CentOS5-Base-163.repo /etc/yum.repos.d/ 

*** 把$releasever替换成5 (红帽6版本以上的改为6)
[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# sed -i 's#$releasever#5#g' ./CentOS5-Base-163.repo

3.清除原有缓存

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: katello, product-id, security, subscription-manager
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
Cleaning up Everything

4.获取yum列表

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum makecache
Loaded plugins: katello, product-id, security, subscription-manager
Updating certificate-based repositories.
Unable to read consumer identity
addons                                                                                                 | 1.9 kB     00:00     
addons/filelists_db                                                                                    |  570 B     00:00     
addons/other_db                                                                                        |  554 B     00:00     
addons/primary_db                                                                                      | 1.1 kB     00:00     
base                                                                                                   | 1.1 kB     00:00     
base/filelists                                                                                         | 3.7 MB     00:11     
base/other                                                                                             |  14 MB     01:04     
base/group                                                                                             | 1.1 MB     00:03     
base/primary                                                                                           | 1.3 MB     00:06     
epel                                                                                                   | 3.6 kB     00:00     
epel/filelists_db                                                                                      | 4.1 MB     00:16     
epel/updateinfo                                                                                        | 510 kB     00:02     
epel/other_db                                                                                          | 1.6 MB     00:05     
epel/primary_db                                                                                        | 2.9 MB     00:14     
extras                                                                                                 | 2.1 kB     00:00     
extras/filelists_db                                                                                    | 224 kB     00:00     
extras/other_db                                                                                        | 442 kB     00:01     
extras/group                                                                                           | 9.7 kB     00:00     
extras/primary_db                                                                                      | 173 kB     00:00     
updates                                                                                                | 1.9 kB     00:00     
updates/filelists_db                                                                                   | 2.1 MB     00:09     
updates/other_db                                                                                       |  11 MB     00:29     
updates/primary_db                                                                                     | 531 kB     00:00     
base                                                                                                                3667/3667
base                                                                                                                3667/3667
base                                                                                                                3667/3667
Metadata Cache Created

5.搜索安装

[root@localhost ~]# yum search gcc |grep --color '^gcc'
gcc.x86_64 : Various compilers (C, C++, Objective-C, Java, ...)
gcc-c++.x86_64 : C++ support for GCC
gcc-gfortran.x86_64 : Fortran 95 support
gcc-gnat.x86_64 : Ada 95 support for GCC
gcc-java.x86_64 : Java support for GCC
gcc-objc++.x86_64 : Objective-C++ support for GCC
gcc-objc.x86_64 : Objective-C support for GCC
gcc44.x86_64 : GNU Compiler Collection version 4.4
gcc44-c++.x86_64 : C++ support for GCC version 4.4
gcc44-gfortran.x86_64 : Fortran support for GCC 4.4

6.安装gcc

[root@localhost yum.repos.d]# yum -y install gcc

至此gcc安装完成。

但是当我安装pcre-8.39 执行./configure的时候出现错误

configure: error: You need a C++ compiler for C++ support

解决办法:

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-08/146548.htm

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