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Zabbix使用自带模板监控MySQL

[日期:2018-01-04] 来源:Linux社区  作者:liqingbiao [字体: ]
(一)简介

Zabbix在监控mysql数据库时,会使用自带的模板Template App MySQL,是不能直接使用的,因为没有key,而获取不到数据,前端会出现如下报错“Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.”报错原因是mysql 5.6以后的版本增加了密码安全策略,在命令行里加上密码就会强制报错,而5.6之前版本可以直接使用的。

前边有篇文章是通过mysql --login-path=local来进行无密码验证登录,而本文是通过另一种方法通过修改/etc/my.cnf来进行无密码验证登录。

错误探究:
 这个提示在mysql 5.5之后会出现。
而且,这个提示,会被zabbix-servre捕捉到,在zabbix-server.log日志中会出现

24123:20160826:101433.609 error reason for "110:mysql.status[Bytes_sent]" changed: Received value [mysqladmin: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.8991074] is not suitable for value type [Numeric (float)]
提示参数不符合
在zabbix-server服务器上面,使用zabbix-get命令时

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_get -s 172.21.100.12 -p10050 -k mysql.status[Uptime]

mysqladmin: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.

522345
也就是说zabbix_key获取的key值是“mysqladmin: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.”而不是522345,造成服务端的数值类型不对,为解决这个问题必须使用无密码登录才可以,为了安全,只允许localhost进行登录。
 (二)背景简介
IP主机名功能
172.20.66.110 zabbix_server zabbix 服务端
172. 21.100.12 zabbix_agent zabbix客户端数据库

(三)具体实施步骤

一,zabbix_agentd客户端设置
1.在mysql数据上创建一个普通用户lqb

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 756
Server version: 5.5.58-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> grant all PRIVILEGES on *.* to lqb@'localhost' identified by '123456';  ###创建一个有权限的访问用户lqb密码设置123456
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.04 sec)

mysql> update mysql.user set authentication_string=password('123456') where user='lqb' and Host = 'localhost';     ###更新下改用户的密码
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)
Rows matched: 1  Changed: 1  Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> exit
Bye

2.修改/etc/my.cnf文件创建无密码登录

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/my.cnf
[client]
user=lqb
password=123456


[mysqladmin]
host=localhost
user=lqb
password=123456

3.测试是否可以直接访问,如果输入命令mysql -ulqb直接进去说明已OK。

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -ulqb
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 761
Server version: 5.5.58-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> select Host,User,authentication_string from mysql.user;
+-----------------------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
| Host                  | User   | authentication_string                     |
+-----------------------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
| localhost             | root   |                                           |
| localhost.localdomain | root   |                                           |
| 127.0.0.1             | root   |                                           |
| ::1                   | root   |                                           |
| %                     | root   | NULL                                      |
| %                     | zabbix | NULL                                      |
| localhost             | lqb    | *6BB4837EB74329105EE4568DDA7DC67ED2CA2AD9 |
| 172.21.100.12         | zabbix | NULL                                      |
+-----------------------+--------+-------------------------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.01 sec)

mysql> exit;
Bye

[root@localhost scripts]# mysqladmin extended-status |grep -w "Bytes_received" |cut -d"|" -f3   ###有数据返回说明正常
 10792596272

4.创建mysql监控脚本在目录/usr/local/zabbix/scripts/chk_mysql.sh并赋予相关的权限。

[root@localhost scripts]# cat /usr/local/zabbix/scripts/chk_mysql.sh 
#!/bin/bash
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# FileName:    check_mysql.sh
# Revision:    1.0
# Date:        2018/01/04
# Author:      lqb
# Email:       
# Website:     
# Description: 
# Notes:       ~
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Copyright:   2015 (c) DengYun
# License:     GPL
# 用户MYSQL_USER='zabbix'
MYSQL_USER='lqb'
# 密码
MYSQL_PWD='123456'
# 主机地址/IP
MYSQL_HOST='localhost'
# 端口
MYSQL_PORT='3306'
# 数据连接
#MYSQL_CONN="/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u${MYSQL_USER} -p${MYSQL_PWD} -h${MYSQL_HOST} -P${MYSQL_PORT}"
MYSQL_CONN="/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin "
# 参数是否正确
if [ $# -ne "1" ];then 
    echo "arg error!" 
fi 
# 获取数据
case $1 in 
    Uptime) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} status|cut -f2 -d":"|cut -f1 -d"T"` 
        echo $result 
        ;; 
    Com_update) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_update"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
        echo $result 
        ;; 
    Slow_queries) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} status |cut -f5 -d":"|cut -f1 -d"O"` 
        echo $result 
        ;; 
    Com_select) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_select"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
        echo $result 
                ;; 
    Com_rollback) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_rollback"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Questions) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} status|cut -f4 -d":"|cut -f1 -d"S"` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Com_insert) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_insert"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Com_delete) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_delete"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Com_commit) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_commit"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Bytes_sent) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Bytes_sent" |cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Bytes_received) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Bytes_received" |cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 
    Com_begin) 
        result=`${MYSQL_CONN} extended-status |grep -w "Com_begin"|cut -d"|" -f3` 
                echo $result 
                ;; 

        *) 
        echo "Usage:$0(Uptime|Com_update|Slow_queries|Com_select|Com_rollback|Questions|Com_insert|Com_delete|Com_commit|Bytes_sent|Bytes_received|Com_begin)" 
        ;; 
esac
[root@localhost zabbix]# chmod +x scripts/chk_mysql.sh 
[root@localhost zabbix]# chown -R zabbix.zabbix scripts/chk_mysql.sh 
[root@localhost zabbix]# ll scripts/
total 4
-rwxr-xr-x 1 zabbix zabbix 2675 Jan  4 04:01 chk_mysql.sh
null

5.修改zabbix_agentd.conf添加以下参数:

UserParameter=mysql.version,mysql -V
UserParameter=mysql.status[*], /usr/local/zabbix/scripts/chk_mysql.sh $1
UserParameter=mysql.ping,/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -ulqb ping | grep -c alive
[root@localhost scripts]# grep '^[a-Z]' /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf
LogFile=/tmp/zabbix_agentd.log
Server=172.20.66.110
Hostname=172.21.100.12
RefreshActiveChecks=120
Timeout=20
UserParameter=mysql.version,mysql -V
UserParameter=mysql.status[*], /usr/local/zabbix/scripts/chk_mysql.sh $1
UserParameter=mysql.ping,/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -ulqb ping | grep -c alive

6.重启zabbix_agentd客户端服务,查看有没有报错。

[root@localhost scripts]# /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd restart
Restarting zabbix_agentd (via systemctl):                  [  OK  ]
[root@localhost scripts]# tail -f /tmp/zabbix_agentd.log 
 24025:20180104:041135.331 **** Enabled features ****
 24025:20180104:041135.331 IPv6 support:           NO
 24025:20180104:041135.331 TLS support:            NO
 24025:20180104:041135.331 **************************
 24025:20180104:041135.331 using configuration file: /usr/local/zabbix/etc/zabbix_agentd.conf
 24025:20180104:041135.331 agent #0 started [main process]
 24030:20180104:041135.332 agent #4 started [listener #3]
 24028:20180104:041135.332 agent #2 started [listener #1]
 24027:20180104:041135.332 agent #1 started [collector]
 24029:20180104:041135.333 agent #3 started [listener #2]

二.在zabbix_server端的浏览器设置
1.收下在zabbix_server端查看下mysql脚本信息是否可以正常获取

[root@localhost slow]# /usr/local/zabbix/bin/zabbix_get -s 172.21.100.12 -p10050 -k mysql.status[Uptime]
2165105

2.添加主机。配置--主机填写相关信息。

3.链接相关模板。点击模板选项卡--选择--选中Templeate DB MySQL模板--添加--更新

4.查看监控项有没有红色告警,没有就算正常的。

5.等两分钟(数据默认1分钟来获取数据),就可以获取相关数据了
6.

至此监控mysql完成。

更多Zabbix相关教程集合: 

Ubuntu 16.04服务器上安装Zabbix 3.2  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-07/145519.htm

CentOS 7 LNMP环境搭建Zabbix3.0  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-02/140134.htm

Ubuntu 16.04安装部署监控系统Zabbix2.4  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-03/141436.htm

Zabbix监控安装部署及警报配置  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-03/141611.htm

Zabbix触发器表达式详解 http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-03/141921.htm

Ubuntu 16.04下安装部署Zabbix3.0  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-02/140395.htm

CentOS 6.3下Zabbix监控apache server-status http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2013-05/84740.htm

CentOS 7 下 Zabbix 3.0安装详解 http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-03/141716.htm

64位CentOS 6.2下安装Zabbix 2.0.6  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2014-11/109541.htm

Zabbix 3.2.6 通过Orabbix监控Oracle数据库  http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2017-10/147224.htm

ZABBIX 的详细介绍请点这里
ZABBIX 的下载地址请点这里

本文永久更新链接地址http://www.chineselinuxuniversity.net/Linux/2018-01/150088.htm

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